Blog post #483
Since our firm was founded in 2003, we have been strong believers in holding widely diversified portfolios, with significant exposure to factors that have historically provided greater expected returns.
In practice, this means building client portfolios with additional weighting of small company asset classes, as well as to value stocks, both in the US and Internationally.
One thing that we can all agree upon is that none of us could have predicted the events, technological and political changes and even a global pandemic that have occurred since 2000. We have experienced 9/11, the Great Financial Crisis in 2007-09, changes in Presidents and Congress, tax increases and tax cuts, iPhones and other technologies, as well as Amazon and changes in shopping.
How has this investment strategy worked over the past 21+ years, through all these changes?
As the data below shows, adding small and small value companies to a portfolio provided significant benefits since 2000, versus a portfolio consisting of only the S&P 500 (US Large companies). Please note that for purposes of this post, we are using indexes, rather than the actual mutual funds we recommend, for compliance reasons. We feel that our investment recommendations would show similar results. Also, this illustration is for US stocks only, and all references below are only to US asset classes.
From January 1, 2000 to March 31, 2021, as the chart below shows, the Russell 2000 Value index (US small company value index) grew from $1 million to $7,662,000, whereas the S&P 500 Index (US large company index) grew to $4,076,000 over the same time period. US small company stocks, as represented by the Russell 2000, would have also significantly outperformed the S&P 500 during this period, as $1 million grew to $5.8 million.
- Despite all the events that have occurred over the past 20+ years, staying invested in stocks, large and small, growth and value, was rewarding to investors. It pays to be patient and remain invested for the long-term.
- Owning US small value stocks was very beneficial, and more rewarding over the 20+ years, than only owning the S&P 500.
- Owning small company stocks, not just small value stocks, was rewarding.
However, there is much more to this story. It is really three different stories, as the 2nd chart below shows. During the first decade beginning with 2000, small and small value stocks far outperformed US Large company stocks, as represented by the S&P 500. The Russell 2000 Small Value Index grew by 121% from 2000-2009, while the S&P 500 had a NEGATIVE 9% return for the same 10 years.
- From January 1, 2000 – December 31, 2009, $1 million invested in these indices would have been worth the following as of December 31, 2009:
- For a decade, those who only owned US Large company stocks were not rewarded with the expected returns from stocks, which averages around 8-10% per year.
- The expected returns of each asset class does not always appear for extended time periods. That’s why we diversify and own many different asset classes.
- Around 2010, small and value seemed liked winners and large company stocks were trailing badly.
The next decade, 2010-2019, was very different, as US Large company stocks (+257%, $3,567,000) far outperformed small (+206%, $3,058,000) and small value stocks (+173%, $2,730,000). While all these asset classes were rewarding, some investors were questioning whether owning small and small value made sense, as the technology heavy S&P 500 was doing so well due to stocks like Apple, Amazon, Facebook, Google and others.
To us, and for you, our clients, the real evidence is in the far-right column of this chart. The returns for 21 years plus 3 months, from January 1, 2000 to March 31, 2021 are:
If you were disciplined and patient and kept an exposure to small and small value stocks, you were very well rewarded over the long term.
We believe in having various exposures to most stock asset classes.
Technology: we recommend owning them.
Growth stocks: We recommend owning them.
Mid-cap stocks: we recommend owning them.
Dividend paying stocks: we recommend owning them.
You get the idea. All of these are components to a well-diversified portfolio, that we believe should include exposure to small and small value companies, as they have greater expected returns than the above asset classes.
As these charts explain, over varying time periods, certain asset classes will not always perform as expected or provide the best returns. But over the long-term, financial data and real market returns have shown that following these recommendations for building a diversified portfolio can be quite rewarding.
These are strategies that can provide for your future growth for your retirement, or provide you with the funds to live and have the type of retirement that you desire.
Talk to us. We want to listen. We want to assist you, your family members and friends.
Important disclosures: See disclosures beneath each chart. Additional information provided by Dimensional Fund Advisors. This data does not include costs of the investments or any investment advisory fee, such as WWM would charge a client. WWM did not begin to provide investment advisory services until 2003, but we feel this information is relevant and consistent with our investment recommendations since 2003.